Find out what all happened May to November 1991

Zviad Gamsakhurdia becomes the first elected President of the Republic of Georgia in the post-Soviet era. (26. May 1991)

Ecuador becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty. (9. October 1991)

The Supreme Council of Azerbaijan adopts a declaration of independence from the Soviet Union. (18. October 1991)

Estonia, North Korea, South Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia join the United Nations. (17. September 1991)

Croatians vote for independence in a referendum. (19. May 1991)

Israel conducts Operation Solomon, evacuating Ethiopian Jews to Israel. (24. May 1991)

1991 Kokkadichcholai massacre: the Sri Lankan Army massacres 152 minority Tamil civilians in the village Kokkadichcholai near the eastern province town of Batticaloa, Sri Lanka. (12. June 1991)

Mengistu Haile Mariam, president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, flees Ethiopia, effectively bringing the Ethiopian Civil War to an end. (21. May 1991)

Cambodian Prince Norodom Sihanouk returns to Phnom Penh after thirteen years of exile. (14. November 1991)

Édith Cresson becomes France's first female prime minister. (15. May 1991)

The current international treaty defending indigenous peoples, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989, comes into force. (5. September 1991)

Russians elect Boris Yeltsin as the president of the republic. (12. June 1991)

The Medininkai Massacre in Lithuania. Soviet OMON attacks Lithuanian customs post in Medininkai, killing 7 officers and severely wounding one other. (31. July 1991)

Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. (24. August 1991)

Crown Heights riot: Black groups target Hasidic Jews on the streets of Crown Heights in New York, New York for three days, after two black children were hit by a car driven by a Hasidic man. (19. August 1991)

Bicesse Accords in Angola lay out a transition to multi-party democracy under the supervision of the United Nations' UNAVEM II mission. (31. May 1991)

Armenia is granted independence from Soviet Union. (21. September 1991)

Askar Akayev, previously chosen President of Kyrgyzstan by republic's Supreme Soviet, is confirmed president in an uncontested poll. (12. October 1991)

Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence from Yugoslavia. (25. June 1991)

Collapse of the Soviet Union – Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party. (28. August 1991)

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