Want to find out what all happened on 13. March

Battle of Badr: a key battle between Muhammad's army – the new followers of Islam and the Quraish of Mecca. The Muslims won this battle, known as the turning point of Islam, which took place in the Hejaz region of western Arabia. (13. March 624)

The bones of Saint Nicephorus are interred in the Church of the Holy Apostles, Constantinople. (13. March 874)

Cardinal Gregorio Conti is elected Antipope as Victor IV, succeeding Anacletus II. (13. March 1138)

Battle of Tondibi: In Mali, Moroccan forces of the Saadi Dynasty led by Judar Pasha defeat the Songhai Empire, despite being outnumbered by at least five to one. (13. March 1591)

Harvard College is named after clergyman John Harvard. (13. March 1639)

Nojpetén, capital of the Itza Maya kingdom, fell to Spanish conquistadors, the final step in the Spanish conquest of Guatemala. (13. March 1697)

William Herschel discovers Uranus. (13. March 1781)

Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden is deposed in a coup d'état. (13. March 1809)

Felix Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto receives its première performance in Leipzig with Ferdinand David as soloist. (13. March 1845)

American Civil War: The U.S. federal government forbids all Union army officers from returning fugitive slaves, thus effectively annulling the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 and setting the stage for the Emancipation Proclamation. (13. March 1862)

American Civil War: The Confederate States of America agree to the use of African American troops. (13. March 1865)

Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him. (Gregorian date: it was March 1 in the Julian calendar then in use in Russia.) (13. March 1881)

The Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins, ending on January 26, 1885. (13. March 1884)

San Diego State University is founded. (13. March 1897)

Second Boer War: British forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State. (13. March 1900)

The Kapp Putsch briefly ousts the Weimar Republic government from Berlin. (13. March 1920)

Mongolia is proclaimed an independent monarchy, ruled by Russian military officer Roman von Ungern-Sternberg as a dictator. (13. March 1921)

The news of the discovery of Pluto is telegraphed to the Harvard College Observatory. (13. March 1930)

Great Depression: Banks in the U.S. begin to re-open after President Franklin D. Roosevelt mandates a "bank holiday". (13. March 1933)

World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States. (13. March 1938)

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