Want to find out what all happened on 29. July

The Praetorian Guard storm the palace and capture Pupienus and Balbinus. They are dragged through the streets of Rome and executed. On the same day, Gordian III, age 13, is proclaimed emperor. (29. July 238)

Pakal ascends the throne of Palenque at the age of 12. (29. July 615)

Sack of Thessalonica: Saracen raiders under Leo of Tripoli sack Thessaloniki, the Byzantine Empire's second-largest city, after a short siege, and plunder it for a week. (29. July 904)

Byzantine–Bulgarian Wars: Battle of Kleidion – Byzantine emperor Basil II inflicts a decisive defeat on the Bulgarian army, and his subsequent treatment of 15,000 prisoners reportedly causes Tsar Samuil of Bulgaria to die of a heart attack less than three months later, on October 6. (29. July 1014)

Count Dirk III defeats an army sent by Emperor Henry II in the Battle of Vlaardingen. (29. July 1018)

Ladejarl-Fairhair succession wars: Battle of Stiklestad – King Olaf II fights and dies trying to regain his Norwegian throne from the Danes. (29. July 1030)

The Siege of Damascus ends in a decisive crusader defeat and leads to the disintegration of the Second Crusade. (29. July 1148)

The widowed Mary, Queen of Scots, marries Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, Duke of Albany, at Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh, Scotland. (29. July 1565)

James VI is crowned King of Scotland at Stirling. (29. July 1567)

Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines – English naval forces under the command of Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake defeat the Spanish Armada off the coast of Gravelines, France. (29. July 1588)

War of the Grand Alliance: Battle of Landen – France wins a Pyrrhic victory over Allied forces in the Netherlands. (29. July 1693)

John Graves Simcoe decides to build a fort and settlement at Toronto, having sailed into the bay there. (29. July 1793)

Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France. (29. July 1836)

Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt – in Tipperary, Ireland, then in the United Kingdom, an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule is put down by police. (29. July 1848)

Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia. (29. July 1851)

United States and Japan sign the Harris Treaty. (29. July 1858)

American Civil War: Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C. (29. July 1864)

The First Hague Convention is signed. (29. July 1899)

In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by the anarchist Gaetano Bresci. (29. July 1900)

Sir Robert Baden-Powell sets up the Brownsea Island Scout camp in Poole Harbour on the south coast of England, United Kingdom. The camp runs from August 1 to August 9, 1907, and is regarded as the foundation of the Scouting movement. (29. July 1907)

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