Look what happened the 1960.

Cameroon achieves independence from France and the United Kingdom. (1. January 1960)

National Airlines Flight 2511 is destroyed in mid-air by a bomb, while en route from New York City to Miami, Florida. (6. January 1960)

The Associations Law comes into force in Iraq, allowing registration of political parties. (6. January 1960)

The Polaris missile is test launched. (7. January 1960)

President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser opens construction on the Aswan Dam by detonating ten tons of dynamite to demolish twenty tons of granite on the east bank of the Nile. (9. January 1960)

Henry Lee Lucas, once listed as America's most prolific serial killer, commits his first known murder. (11. January 1960)

The Reserve Bank of Australia, the country's central bank and banknote issuing authority, is established. (14. January 1960)

Capital Airlines Flight 20 crashes into a farm in Charles City County, Virginia, killing all 50 aboard, the third fatal Capital Airlines crash in as many years. (18. January 1960)

Japan and the United States sign the US-Japan Mutual Security Treaty (19. January 1960)

Hendrik Verwoerd announces a plebiscite on whether South Africa should become a Republic. (20. January 1960)

Little Joe 1B, a Mercury spacecraft, lifts off from Wallops Island, Virginia with Miss Sam, a female rhesus monkey on board. (21. January 1960)

Avianca Flight 671 crashes and burns upon landing at Montego Bay, Jamaica, killing 37. It is the worst air disaster in Jamaica's history and the first for Avianca. (21. January 1960)

The bathyscaphe USS Trieste breaks a depth record by descending to 10,911 metres (35,797 ft) in the Pacific Ocean. (23. January 1960)

Algerian War: Some units of European volunteers in Algiers stage an insurrection known as the "barricades week", during which they seize government buildings and clash with local police. (24. January 1960)

The National Association of Broadcasters reacts to the "payola" scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accept money for playing particular records. (25. January 1960)

Danny Heater sets a worldwide high school basketball scoring record when he records 135 points for Burnsville High School (West Virginia) (26. January 1960)

The National Football League announced expansion teams for Dallas to start in the 1960 NFL season and Minneapolis-St. Paul for 1961 NFL season. (28. January 1960)

The African National Party is founded in Chad, through the merger of traditionalist parties. (30. January 1960)

Four black students stage the first of the Greensboro sit-ins at a lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina. (1. February 1960)

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan speaks of "a wind of change", an increasing national consciousness blowing through colonial Africa, signalling that his Government is likely to support decolonisation. (3. February 1960)

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