Want to find out what all happened on 7. July

A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death. (7. July 1456)

Spanish conquistadores defeat a larger Aztec army at the Battle of Otumba. (7. July 1520)

European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in New Brunswick. (7. July 1534)

French troops invade Luxembourg. (7. July 1543)

Raid of the Redeswire, the last major battle between England and Scotland. (7. July 1575)

The Treaty of Nemours abolishes tolerance to Protestants in France. (7. July 1585)

The Battle of Larga between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire takes place. (7. July 1770)

American Revolutionary War: American forces retreating from Fort Ticonderoga are defeated in the Battle of Hubbardton. (7. July 1777)

Quasi-War: the U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the "war". (7. July 1798)

Napoleonic Wars: the Peace of Tilsit between France, Prussia and Russia ends the War of the Fourth Coalition. (7. July 1807)

In New York City, four nights of rioting against abolitionists began. (7. July 1834)

Mexican–American War: American troops occupy Monterey and Yerba Buena, thus beginning the U.S. acquisition of California. (7. July 1846)

United States begins its first military draft; exemptions cost $300. (7. July 1863)

American Civil War: four conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln are hanged. (7. July 1865)

Katipunan: the Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established, contributing to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia. (7. July 1892)

U.S. President William McKinley signs the Newlands Resolution annexing Hawaii as a territory of the United States. (7. July 1898)

Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr. staged his first Follies on the roof of the New York Theater in New York City. (7. July 1907)

The United States, Great Britain, Japan, and Russia sign the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911 banning open-water seal hunting, the first international treaty to address wildlife preservation issues. (7. July 1911)

World War I: end of First Battle of the Isonzo. (7. July 1915)

An International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15. (7. July 1915)

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