Want to find out what all happened on 12. October

The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon. (12. October 539. BC)

Battle of Hatfield Chase: King Edwin of Northumbria is defeated and killed by the British under Penda of Mercia and Cadwallon of Gwynedd. (12. October 633)

The city of Oradea is first mentioned under the Latin name Varadinum ("vár" means fortress in Hungarian). (12. October 1113)

King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge. (12. October 1216)

Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk founder of Nichiren Buddhism, inscribes the Dai-Gohonzon. (12. October 1279)

The Treaty of Salynas is signed between Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Knights, who received Samogitia. (12. October 1398)

Christopher Columbus's expedition makes landfall in the Caribbean, specifically in The Bahamas. The explorer believes he has reached the Indies. (12. October 1492)

Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain. (12. October 1582)

The Delft Explosion devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100 people. (12. October 1654)

The Salem witch trials are ended by a letter from Massachusetts Governor William Phips. (12. October 1692)

British and Spanish naval forces engage at the Battle of Havana during the War of Jenkins' Ear. (12. October 1748)

America's first insane asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds' in Virginia. (12. October 1773)

First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York City. (12. October 1792)

The cornerstone of Old East, the oldest state university building in the United States, is laid on the campus of the University of North Carolina. (12. October 1793)

Jeanne Geneviève Labrosse was the first woman to jump from a balloon with a parachute, from an altitude of 900 meters. (12. October 1799)

First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen. (12. October 1810)

Peter I of Brazil is proclaimed the emperor of the Brazil. (12. October 1822)

Charles Macintosh of Scotland sells the first raincoat. (12. October 1823)

Criminal Tribes Act (CTA) enacted by British rule in India, which named over 160 local communities 'Criminal Tribes', i.e. hereditary criminals. Repealed in 1949, after Independence of India. (12. October 1871)

The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited by students in many US public schools, as part of a celebration marking the 400th anniversary of Columbus's voyage. (12. October 1892)

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